The education system in Henan, as elsewhere in China, can be simply summarized as "four educations" and "7 levels". The "four educations" refers to pre-school education, primary education, secondary education and higher education. The "7 levels" refers to kindergarten, primary school, junior high school, senior high school, higher college education, undergraduate education and postgraduate education.

Henanembodies many famous universities, institutes and academies, including Henan University, Zhengzhou University, Henan Normal University, Henan University of Science and Technology and so forth.

Henan University

Henan University is located in Kaifeng, a famous historic city which used to be the capital of China during seven different dynasties. Imperial examinations were held in this place 100 years ago; the last two imperial examinations held here in 1903 and 1904 marked the end of the thousand-year-long imperial examination system. At the beginning of the 20th century, under the influence of Western culture and the impact of the Revolution of 1911, Lin Boxiang and a group of people with lofty ideals came to Kaifeng and founded the Preparatory School for Further Study in Europe and America, then one of the three major schools to prepare students for overseas study. It was later renamed Zhongzhou University, No.5 National Zhongshan University and Provincial Henan University. In 1942 its name was changed to National Henan University and it had developed into an influential comprehensive university with 6 schools, namely, the School of Liberal Arts, School of Science, School of Agriculture, School of Engineering, School of Medicine and the Law School. As one of the National Universities then, Henan University was proud of its brilliant academic strength and was famous both at home and abroad. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, due to the nationwide reorganization of colleges and departments, the School of Agriculture, the School of Medicine and the School of Administration separated from Henan University and became Henan College of Agriculture, Henan College of Medicine and Henan Administrative Institute of Politics and Law. The schools of water conservancy, finance and economics and others were transferred to Wuhan University, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law as well as to other universities. Henan University was renamed Henan Normal College, Kaifeng Normal College and Henan Normal University. The name Henan University was restored in 1984. In 2000, Henan University merged with Kaifeng Normal College and Kaifeng Medicine College to become the new Henan University. On October 17th, 2008, the Henan provincial Government and the Ministry of Education signed an agreement to jointly support the future development of Henan University therefore allowing Henan University to formally enter the list of the universities which are jointly developed by the provincial government and the ministry.

Zhengzhou University

Zhengzhou University was founded on July 10, 2000 through the annexation of the former Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou University of Technology and Henan Medical University. With the 12 disciplines of Science, Engineering, Medicine, Literature, History, Philosophy, Law, Economics, Management Science, Pedagogy, Agriculture and Arts, Zhengzhou University has become the only national "211 Project" key university in Henan. Co-sponsored by the Henan Provincial Government and the Ministry of Education, it is the sole university in Henan Province to be supported by "The Midwest Universities Comprehensive Strength Promotion Project".

Zhengzhou University has rich resources and facilities. It has altogether four campuses, i.e. the New Campus, the South Campus, the Institute of Technology and the Medical School. Of the overall area of 6,493 mu, the New Campus located in the New High-tech Zone takes up 4,845 mu, with a construction budget of 1.97 billion RMB and a total construction area of 1.65 million square meters.

With large school-running scale and qualified academic staff, Zhengzhou University has at present over 49,000 full-time undergraduates, 15,000 full-time postgraduates and 1,100 international students. Meanwhile, there are over 6,000 full-time staff members, among whom 30 are members of CAS or CAE, with 6 being full-time and 24 part-time. Besides, the university has over 670 professors and 35 talents who have either won the "National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars" or become candidates of the "100-, 1000- and 10000-talent Plan", the national "1000-talent Plan" or the provincial "100-talent Plan", as well as 1600 and more associate professors and more than 1,700 teachers with the doctorate degree.

Backed up with a sound talent nurturing system, Zhengzhou University has 46 faculties and 9 affiliated hospitals, offering 104 undergraduate programs, 55 master's degree programs of the first-level discipline, 237 master's degree programs of the second-level discipline, 21 doctorate programs of the first-level discipline, 124 doctorate programs of the second-level discipline and at the same time 1 professional doctorate, 19 professional master's degrees as well as 23 postdoctoral research stations. It has also 14 national high-quality courses, 14 national characteristic specialties, 2 national exemplary teaching centers, 2 national creative experimental zones for talent nurturing mode, 7 national engineering practice education centers, 210 national college student innovation entrepreneurship training programs, 4 national teaching teams, 4 national teaching masters and 2 national bilingual exemplary teaching courses. In addition, the university has 1 National Science Basic Scientific Research and Teaching Personnel Training Base, 1 National College Student Culture Education Base, 1 MOE College Counselor Training and Research Base, 1 Chinese Education Base under the Overseas Chinese Affairs Office, 6 National Key Disciplines, 16 National Key Clinical Specialists, and 214 provincial key disciplines.

Henan University of Science and Technology

Henan University of Science and Technology (HUST), located in the thousand-year ancient capital and the peony flower city of Luoyang, is a comprehensive university with a priority for engineering.

It was founded in Beijing in 1952, moved to Luoyang in 1956 and then renamed as Luoyang Institute of Technology (LIT). In 2002, with the approval of China Ministry of Education, LIT amalgamated another two colleges to form the third comprehensive university of the province – Henan University of Science and Technology.

HUST is composed of 4 campuses with a total area of over 307 hectares, whose construction area reaches 1.51 million square meters, of which 327,000 ㎡ are used for labs. The library, with a construction area of 99,000 ㎡, possesses a book collection of 3.64 million volumes and 180,000 periodicals of different languages. The digitalization of campuses is domestically advanced and honored Award of Excellence on Educational Information Construction of China.

The university consists of 31 schools with 12 doctorial programs, 156 postgraduate programs, 87 undergraduate majors. Eleven disciplines of the university cover science, engineering, agronomy, medicine, economics, management, literature, law, history, art and pedagogy. In 2008, the university's undergraduate teaching work was assessed as Excellence by the Higher Education Evaluation Center of the Ministry of Education.

More than 50,000 full-time undergraduates and postgraduates come from 30 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in China, and international students from different countries and regions. Over the past 60 years, more than 200,000 senior professionals have made prominent contributions to the economic and social development.

The excellent faculty exerts fundamental role in the development of the university. 2235 full-time teachers are composed of 944 professors and associate professors, 780 doctors, 61 doctorial supervisors and other specialized clerks. There are also 7 Academicians shared with other institutions working for HUST.

In HUST there are 153 provincial key disciplines, 36 national, provincial or ministerial key labs and engineering centers such as the State Key Lab of Heavy Mining Machinery and the Tribology and Material Protection Engineering Center of the Ministry of Education, 14 national or provincial featured specialties under construction, and 7 provincial model centers of experiment teaching. HUST also has 8 affiliated comprehensive hospitals.

Henan University of Science and Technology has consistently developed its priorities in fields such as mechanics, materials, agricultural mechanics, communication and transportation, electronic information, oncology, forensic medicine, microsurgery, peony cultivation, product processing, agricultural by-product processing technology, aerobic cultivation and seed breeding, preventive veterinary medicine, animal breeding and reproduction.

Adhering to the opening-up policy, HUST actively engages in international exchanges and joint schooling, and has developed academic cooperation relationships and exchange with some 63 universities and institutes in USA, Britain, Germany, Japan, and other countries and regions, and has also conducted two-way exchanges between undergraduates and postgraduates and teachers. Some foreign specialists are invited to give lectures.

Today Henan University of Science and Technology is courageously sailing toward a further destination--a higher level of teaching-research comprehensive university.